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From Patient Diagnosis through Infectious Disease Management

All About Lyme Disease: Prevent, Recognize, Diagnose, & Treat

What is Lyme Disease?

Lyme disease is caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi and is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected blacklegged ticks. Typical symptoms include fever, headache, fatigue, and a characteristic skin rash called erythema migrans. If left untreated, infection can spread to joints, the heart, and the nervous system.

Magnified View of Tick

Is your patient from or has travelled to a Lyme risk area?

According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Lyme disease is the most commonly reported vectorborne illness in the United States. In 2013, it was the 5th most common nationally notifiable disease. However, this disease does not occur nationwide and is concentrated heavily in the northeast and upper Midwest.

Lyme Risk Areas Map